Spice Things Up with Curry! (Part 1: The Basics)Tuesday, May 29, 2012
|Chicken in Peanut & Red Curry Sauce with Thai Eggplants|
|Shrimp & Zucchini Curry|
|Lobster Curry Tacos|
|Vegan Sweet Potato & Kale Curry|
(1) Oil and a decent pan or wok. I choose my oil based on the flavors of the dish I’m making and/or how long it needs to cook. Oil with a high smoke point yields better results, so vegetable or extra virgin olive oil may not always be the best choice. Most Indian versions start with ghee, a clarified butter, which I am committed to one day making…for now, grape seed or coconut oil works great and tend to be my usual choice.
(2) Aromatics. These include ingredients such as garlic, ginger, onions, and hot chilies and are typically added to the hot oil. I’ve found that slicing fresh ginger and crushing a couple cloves of garlic works best because it adds flavor to the oil but the big pieces can easily be removed from the pan if they brown too quickly. To add some heat, I’ll add diced chili pepper or jalapeño, or simply a pinch of cayenne. Adding hot peppers earlier in the cooking process makes for a milder dish versus adding them at the end, so keep that in mind.You may also decide to skip the aromatics altogether if you're using a curry paste that already contains these ingredients.
(4) Protein. When making curry with meat I will usually brown it and remove from the pan, adding it back in after my sauce is made to finish cooking. This way it gets cooked thoroughly but doesn’t dry out. Alternatively you can leave your meat in the pan to slowly simmer in liquid until cooked. Most seafood is best when added at the end of the cooking process to avoid overcooking it, especially quick-cooking items like shrimp. Tofu is another great way to get some protein in your curry dishes. Try frying it in the oiled pan until golden brown and then removing; adding back to the pan later to simmer in the curry sauce.
(5) Vegetables or fruit. Veggies like mushrooms, zucchini, squash, bell pepper, spinach, kale or eggplant will only require a few minutes to sauté or simmer, so these are great choices for curry dishes. You could also use lentils or diced potatoes, just be sure to add plenty of liquid to the pan and allow enough time to simmer. Much like stir fry, the best results for cooking quick dishes comes from cutting your veggies in uniform size. Softer ingredients like tomatoes or diced mangoes are best added towards the end of the cooking process if you want to keep them whole; they will break down with heat.
(6) Liquid. Some good options are vegetable, fish or chicken stock, coconut milk, tomato sauce, Greek yogurt, pureed fruit or combinations thereof. Of course, if you prefer a dry curry you can leave this out or use just enough to deglaze the pan; if you want to turn your curry into a soup add more stock or other liquid base. I have had the best success with using coconut milk as the base of my sauces; it adds a nice complement to the curry spices to offset the spiciness and a creamy texture. If you want to add a richer coconut flavor, dissolve a few ounces of pure creamed coconut into your curry sauce. If you want a lower-fat option, try using light coconut milk. Again, be sure to read labels as some brands of coconut milk are not pure and contain a ton of additives and preservatives.
(7) Seasoning and garnishes. Always remember to taste and season your curry dish before serving. It sounds like common sense, but many people don’t realize salt is not a component of most curry powders. Add just enough salt to the dish to bring out its flavor. Another culprit to underwhelming curries can be expired spices – remember dry spices are only good for about six months, after which they lose all flavor. Just as in cooking other dishes, a splash of citrus juice from lemons or limes, and chopped fresh herbs such as cilantro, basil or mint can really make all the difference in creating a memorable meal. A few slices of fresh avocado, diced fruit, or sliced hot chilies also help to up the elegance of your dish. Choose garnishes that make a tasty compliment to the flavors of the curry itself.
|Mixed Seafood Curry|